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British Climate (Климат Британии)

Продолжение серии материалов «Cultural Reader», информация о Великобритании.
Перейти в начало — Great Britain (Общая информация о Великобритании).
Следующие статьи - National Stereotypes (Национальные стереотипы), London (Лондон), Famous British Cities and Towns (Британские города и поселки), British Educational System (Система образования Британии), British Holidays (Британские праздники).

British Climate

The climate of Great Britain is more or less the same as that of the north-western part of the European mainland. The popular belief that it rains all the time in Britain is simply not true. In fact, London gets no more rain in a year than most other European cities. The amount of rain that falls on a town in Britain depends on where it is. Generally speaking, the further west you go, the more rain you get.

The climate of Great Britain is mild and temperate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Snow is a regular feature of the higher areas only. Occasionally, in lower-lying parts winter can be without snow at all.

Usually the temperature is between 5 below zero and 23 above zero. The driest period is from. March to June and the wettest months are from October to January. It seldom snows heavily in winter, frost is rare. January and February are usually the coldest months; July and August are the warmest ones. Sometimes the wind brings whirlwinds or hurricanes. Droughts are rare.

The lack of extremes is the reason why, on the few occasions when it gets veiy hot or very frosty, the country seems to be totally unprepared for it. A bit of snow and a few days of frost and the trains stop working and the roads are blocked. If the temperature goes above 27 °C, people behave as if they were in Sahara and the temperature makes front-page-headlines. But these things happen so rarely that it is not worth organising life to be ready for them.

The bad reputation of Britain’s climate is due to its changeability. There is a saying that Britain doesn’t have a climate, it only has weather. But English weather is never the same two days running. One day it rains, the next day it may be sunny and then it may be cold again. It may not rain very much altogether, but you can never be sure of a dry day. There can be cool days in July and some quite warm days in January.

So, we may say that the British climate has three main features: it is mild, humid, and changeable. This humid and mild climate is good for plants and flowers. That’s why Great Britain is such a green country, with long rich grass for the cattle and sheep, and beautiful lawns in the gardens.

Следующая статья серии «Cultural Reader» - National Stereotypes (Национальные стереотипы).

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